Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL) Explained

Krichhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL) Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL) and Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL) are very fundamental laws in the electrical circuit. Using these laws, we can find the voltage and current in the electrical circuit. Statement: The algebraic sum of all the branch voltages around any closed loop in the network or circuit is zero … Read moreKirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL) Explained

Op-Amp Gain Bandwidth Product

The gain bandwidth product is one of the important parameters of the op-amp and it is often used by the designers and electronic hobbyist for selecting the op-amp for specific application. Frequency Response of the Op-Amp For the ideal op-amp, the gain is infinite and it has infinite bandwidth. But the actual op-amp has finite … Read moreOp-Amp Gain Bandwidth Product

Op-Amp as Summing Amplifier

Op-Amp can be used as a summing amplifier by applying multiple inputs either to the inverting or to the non-inverting op-amp terminals. Inverting Summing Amplifier Fig.1 Inverting Summing Amplifier As shown in Fig.1, the op-amp is used as a summing amplifier in the inverting configuration. The inputs to the op-amp (V1, V2, and V3) are … Read moreOp-Amp as Summing Amplifier

Operational Amplifier: Non-Inverting Op-Amp and Op-Amp as Buffer

In this article, let’s understand the non-inverting op-amp configuration , and let’s see, how it can be used as a buffer. Fig. 1 shows the non-inverting configuration of the op-amp. In this configuration, the input is applied at the non-inverting terminal of the op-amp. Fig. 1 Non-Inverting op-amp Configuration In this configuration, there is a … Read moreOperational Amplifier: Non-Inverting Op-Amp and Op-Amp as Buffer

Inverting Op-Amp and the Concept of Virtual Ground

Inverting Op-Amp Configuration: As discussed in the previous article, the op-amp is a very high gain differential amplifier. In the open-loop configuration, the typical gain of the op-amp is 105 to 106  Fig. Operational Amplifier Because of high open-loop gain, even for a small differential input between the two terminals, the output of the op-amp will … Read moreInverting Op-Amp and the Concept of Virtual Ground

What is 5G? How 5G works? 5G Explained

What is 5G? The word 5G is making a buzz over the last few years. And even in the last couple of years, many 5G smartphones are also launched. When we hear the word 5G, then the first thing which comes in our mind is high-speed internet. But 5G more than just high-speed internet. 5G … Read moreWhat is 5G? How 5G works? 5G Explained

Operational Amplifier (Op-Amp) Explained

What is the Operational Amplifier? As its name suggests, the Operational Amplifier is one type of amplifier. The basic function of any amplifier is to amplify the input signal. But apart from amplifying the signal, it is also possible to perform different arithmetic operations using op-amp. In the early days, when digital computers were not … Read moreOperational Amplifier (Op-Amp) Explained

BJT- Bipolar Junction Transistor

The invention of transistor led the invention of many other semiconductor devices including integrated circuits. And due to these integrated circuits, the modern-day computers and other electronic gadgets are possible. The bipolar junction transistor or BJT is a three-terminal semiconductor device that can act as a conductor or insulator based on the applied input signal. … Read moreBJT- Bipolar Junction Transistor

Resistors in Series and Parallel

In this tutorial, it has been explained that when the bunch of Resistors is connected either in a Series or Parallel then how to find the equivalent resistance. Resistors in Series As shown above, when the n- resistors are connected in series connection, then the total resistance will be the summation of individual resistance. Proof … Read moreResistors in Series and Parallel