1s Complement and 2s Complement of Binary Numbers | Signed Binary Number Representation

1s complement and 2s complement are way of representing the signed binary numbers. In general, the binary number can be represented in two ways. Unsigned Binary Numbers Signed Binary Numbers Unsigned Binary Numbers Using unsigned binary number representation, only positive binary numbers can be represented. For n-bit unsigned binary numbers, all n-bits are used to … Read more1s Complement and 2s Complement of Binary Numbers | Signed Binary Number Representation

Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL) Explained

Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL) is also known as Kirchhoff’s first law or Kirchhoff’s junction law. Statement : “Algebraic sum of branch currents at node is zero at all instance of time.” Or “At any node (junction) in a network, the sum of currents flowing into that node is equal to the sum of currents flowing … Read moreKirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL) Explained

Types of Capacitors Explained

The capacitor is one of the widely used electrical circuit elements in electrical and electronic circuits. In fact, it is hard to imagine any circuit without capacitors.Depending on the type of dielectric material and the construction of the capacitor, there are various types of capacitor which are used in different applications, like decoupling, timing and … Read moreTypes of Capacitors Explained

What is Current Mirror? MOSFET- Current Mirror Explained

What is Current Mirror? The current mirror is an analog circuit that senses the reference current and generates the copy or number of copies of the reference current, with the same characteristics. The replicated current is as stable as the reference current source. The replicated current could be the same as the reference current (Icopy … Read moreWhat is Current Mirror? MOSFET- Current Mirror Explained

Cascode Amplifier using MOSFET Explained

What is Cascode Amplifier? The Cascode Amplifier is the combination of the common source (Common Emitter for BJT) and the Common Gate Stage (Common Base for BJT). As shown in Fig. 1, the input is applied to the common source amplifier. Fig.1 Cascode Amplifier The transistor M1 is also known as amplifying transistor. And the … Read moreCascode Amplifier using MOSFET Explained

MOSFET Amplifire with Active Load

What is Active Load? In MOSFET amplifier circuits, instead of a passive resistor, the active component like a MOSFET or MOSFET circuit (Current Mirror) is used to increase the gain of the amplifier. This active component or the active circuit is known as the Active Load. Fig.1 MOSFET Amplifier with Active Load Why Active Load … Read moreMOSFET Amplifire with Active Load

MOSFET- Source Follower (Common Drain Amplifier)

In the Common Drain Amplifier configuration, the drain terminal is at AC ground.The input is applied between the gate and drain terminals, while the output is measured between the source and drain terminal.Since the drain terminal is common between the input and output side, it is known as Common Drain Amplifier. The Common Drain Amplifier … Read moreMOSFET- Source Follower (Common Drain Amplifier)

Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL) Explained

Krichhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL) Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL) and Kirchhoff’s Current Law (KCL) are very fundamental laws in the electrical circuit. Using these laws, we can find the voltage and current in the electrical circuit. Statement: The algebraic sum of all the branch voltages around any closed loop in the network or circuit is zero … Read moreKirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL) Explained

Op-Amp Gain Bandwidth Product

The gain bandwidth product is one of the important parameters of the op-amp and it is often used by the designers and electronic hobbyist for selecting the op-amp for specific application. Frequency Response of the Op-Amp For the ideal op-amp, the gain is infinite and it has infinite bandwidth. But the actual op-amp has finite … Read moreOp-Amp Gain Bandwidth Product